According to WHO, mental health is a state of well-being in which an individual realizes his or her own abilities, can cope normal stress of life, can work productively, and can contribute to his/her community. But now, a day’s mental stress becomes one of the principal cause of all diseases like stress, anxiety, depression, OCD, etc.
COMMON MENTAL DISORDERS
Anxiety may be transient, persistent, episodic or lined to specific situations.
- Headache, breathlessness
- Fear of impending disaster
- Irritability and poor concentration
- Initial insomnia
- Chest pain
- Frequent desire to pass urine
It may occasionally be a manifestation of a medical condition such as Thyrotoxicosis.
These disorders are: emotion of anxiety, worrisome thought, avoidance behaviour.
Divided mainly into three subtype:
A) PHOBIAC ANXIETY DISORDER: A phobia is an abnormal or excessive fear of an object or situation, which leads to avoidance of it.
AGRORAPHOBIA- Phobia of going out alone or being in crowded places.
B) PANIC DISORDER: Panic disorder describes a repeated attack of severe anxiety, which does not restrict any situation or circumstances. The patient may even fear that they are suffering from a serious illness such as heart attack or stroke and many more.
c) GENERALISED ANXIETY DISORDER: This is chronic anxiety relates with uncontrollable worry.
2).OBSESSIVE COMPLUSIVE DISORDER (OCD)
OCD is obsessive thoughts, which are recurrent, unwanted and usually anxiety-provoking and by compulsions, which are repeatitive to relieve feelings of tension. OCD is equally common in men and women.
EG: repeated hand-washing lock checking.
The major depressive disorder has a prevalence of 5% population and approximately 10% in chronically ill patients. It is a major cause of disability and of suicide.
There are genetic predispositions to depression, especially when of early onset. Depressive episodes are often by stressful life (especially those that involve loss) including medical illnesses.
Whenever a person feels low, maybe because of any kind of work stress or family issue or from personal relations he/ she may feel depressive.
This is a term is to describe a range of primarily cognitive problems but also includes perception, belief and behaviour. ‘Confusion ‘ usually presents a problem when a patient cannot comply with medical care.
5. STRESS-RELATED DISORDERS
Following a stressful event such as a serious medical diagnosis or accident, some people develop a characteristic pattern of symptom. This includes anger, anxiety, depression and altered activity.
6. BIPOLAR DISORDER
We have discussed only a few disorders. So, it’s very important whenever we feel depressive or in any mental stress then we must share our thoughts with our friends or family members. Or consult a psychiatrist for counselling.
Contributed By: Dr. Bhawna Walia